BUDDHIST CAVES HISTORY :- SANA CAVES IN PRABHAS PATAN GUJ

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Buddhist Caves History : Sana Buddhist Caves Or Shana Dunbar Caves In Shana Vankiya Is Located Near Una, And South Easterly In The Gir Somnath District Of Gujarat. Buddhist Caves Borders The Rajula Taluka Of Amreli District. There Is Also Another Sana Caves Which Is Located Near Former Gir Somnath District Of Gujarat, India. These Caves Are Popularly Known As Ancient Buddhist Caves Instead Of Sana Caves.

 

The Caves Are Made By Cutting The Rocks Which Includes 62 Caves. There Are Many Stupas And Chaityas. Bench And Pillows Are Also Present In The Caves Spread Through All Over Hills. It Is Hard To Find The Date Of The Architectural Work Done In The Caves.

HISTORY:-

The Construction Of These Caves Was Start In The 2 Century Bc In Western India.  The Largest Cave, Cave 2, Is Named Bhima-Ni-Cori And Is Consider To Be Similar To Ebhala- Mandapa. It Also Has Six Pillars Which Are Located Between The Pilasters In Front. One Of The Pillars Depicts Unique Features Of A Concave Neck Between The Drum And The Dome. It Is Located At Talaja. The Ceiling Is 5.3 Meters High And Provides Ample Space To Tourists Wishing To Walk Through Them. This Cave Is Approximately 21 Meters In Depth And Has A Width Of 18.3 Meters.

 

Cave Number 26 And Cave Number 13 Are Different From The Others. They Have Long Verandahs With Simple Pillars Resting On Raised Basements. The Presence Of Benches Around The Hall Is Also An Important Feature Of These Caves. These Function As A Support System For The Beams Above. The Monasteries Are Also Exquisitely Designed With Pillared Verandahs Which Usually Contain Up To 4 Cells At The Back.

 

The Layout Of Cave 48 Is Very Different From The Rest. It Contains Two Halls Of Different Dimensions. With Rock Cut Walls Present On Three Sides And An Oblong Mouth On The Other, These Tanks Were Perfect For Retaining Water During The Bleaker Seasons. Most Of The Caves Were Carved At Different Heights And Levels In The Spur And Could Be Approached By Simple Stairs Cut Into The Rock.  This Architectural Design Has Also Been Noticed In The Kanheri Caves Near Mumbai In Maharashtra. These Halls Contain Benches Around Their Perimeterthe Presence Of Multiple Tanks In This Group Of Caves Bears Evidence To The Importance Given To Water Harvesting.

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